Heart Cold Facts about Coronary Artery Disease
- Nearly 2400 Americans die of CVD each day—an average of 1 death every 37 seconds.
- Coronary heart disease caused 1 of every 5 deaths in the United States in 2004.
- In 2008, an estimated 770,000 Americans will have a new coronary attack, and about 430,000 will have a recurrent attack.
- It is estimated that an additional 175,000 silent first myocardial infarctions occur each year.
- About every 26 seconds, an American will have a coronary event, and about every minute someone will die from one.
Heart Cold Facts about Atrial Fibrillation
(a common abnormal heart rhythm discussed in book)
- Among patients 65 years of age, AF prevalence increased from 3.2% in 1992 to 6.0% in 2002, with higher prevalence in older subsets of the study population.
- AF is responsible for about 15% to 20% of all strokes.
- Mortality from atrial fibrillation was 20,260.
Heart Cold Facts about Congestive Heart Failure
- An estimated 4.8 million Americans have congestive heart failure (CHF).
- Half of the patients diagnosed with CHF will be dead within 5 years. Each year, there are an estimated 400,000 new cases.
- The annual number of deaths directly from CHF increased from 10,000 in 1968 to 42,000 in 1993 (figure 1), with another 219,000 related to the condition.
- CHF is the first-listed diagnosis in 875,000 hospitalizations, and the most common diagnosis in hospital patients age 65 years and older. In that age group, one fifth of all hospitalizations have a primary or secondary diagnosis of heart failure.
- The magnitude of the problem of CHF is large now, but it is expected to get much worse because our population is aging.
Heart Cold Facts about Aortic Stenosis
(a cardiac valve problem discussed in book)
- Aortic stenosis is a common problem.
- Approximately 2% of people over the age of 65, 3% of people over age 75, and 4% percent of people over age 85 have the disorder.
- In North America and Europe, at least, the population is aging. Hence, the prevalence of aortic stenosis is increasing.
- Since the disease carries with it considerable morbidity and mortality, both with large personal and economic impact, aortic stenosis is a major health problem.